The Mountain of the House & Israel’s 3rd Temple

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As the End of Days approaches and anticipation of the return of the Kingdom of HaShem over Israel, ruled by Mashiach, Jews are preparing for that eventuality by preparing for the building of the Temple of HaShem. The building of this new Beit HaMikdash will be the culmination of the efforts, hopes and dreams of the Jewish People, who have been without their Holy Temple for over 2000 years.  The Holy Temple was and will be the prominent fixture of the Kingdom of HaShem. It’s importance cannot be overstated.

This page will present information, news and articles regarding the Temples of God both past and future. We will particularly look at the mystery involving the lost ark of the covenant, the real location of all the past Temples, and the preparations that are now being put into place.

The things required for the re-establishment of the House of Prayer for All Nations:

1. A Sacrificial Altar

2. Ashes of a pure Red Heifer

3. Access to the the location of the previous temples.

4. The political will to build the Temple


Articles & Position Papers

Israeli Judges Rules Jews Must be Allowed to Pray on the Temple Mount

Gems of the Breastplate of the Cohan HaGadol

Eilat Mountain Gold to be Used in 3rd Temple Construction


Jewish Cohanim Perform Shavuot Celebration

Temple Altar Construction to Begin

Temple Altar Rebuilt 2014

Red Heifer Found


The Temple Institute

The World of the Temple

Locating Solomon’s Temple

Suggested Reading Material:

In the Shadow of the Temple by Meir Ben-Dov

Mishkney Elyon, Secrets of the Future Temple by Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto

A House of Prayer for All Nations by Rabbi Chaim Richman

The Holy Temple of Jerusalem by Rabbi Chaim Richman

The Holy Temple Revisited by Rabbi Leibel Reznick

The Temples that Jerusalem Forgot by Dr. Ernest L. Martin

Temple by Robert Cornuke


Solomon’s Temple Located


The Temple Mount, Jerusalem

The city of Jerusalem, also called Salem , Ariel, Jebus, the “city of God,” the “holy city;” by the modern Arabs “el-Khuds,” meaning “the holy;” once “the city of Judah” (2 Chr. 25:28)

According to Jewish tradition (Josephus, “Antiq. Jud.”, I, 10:1; Targum Onkelos,(Genesis 14:18) Jerusalem was originally called Salem (Peace), and was the capital of King Melchizedek (Genesis 14:18) whom tradition also teaches was Shem, son of Noah. This tradition is also recorded in the cuneiform tablets discovered in 1888 at Tel Amarna Egypt.

The original inhabitants of Jerusalem were Jebusites. Jerusalem was originally a village built on a hill. The name “Urushalim is first found on Egyptian statues, circa 2500 B.C. “Urushalim”, in fact is a word of Canaanite derivation; the prefix “uru”, meaning “founded by”, and the suffix “salem” or “Shalem,” the Canaanite god of dusk. This evidence is reinforced by archaeology and by tablets found in Elba, Syria, dating back to 3000 BCE., on which the god Shalem being venerated in a city called Uruksalem is mentioned. The old name of the city Urushalim figures also in the Egyptian texts called Texts of Proscription of XII dynasty, pronounced in Akkadian language Urushalim, the city of god.

According to Jewish rabbi’s, Jerusalem was divided into two cities, the western part called Jeru (Yere) and the eastern part called Salem (Shalem). Both of these names do appear in the Five Books: “And Malki-Tzedek, King of Shalem” (Genesis 14:18). “And Abraham called that place…Yere” (Genesis 21:14). Around the time of Joshua’s conquest, the Amorites consolidated the two halves of the city, and they combined the two names: Jeru-salem. From this point on in history, our Bible refers to Jerusalem countless times.

So-called holy wars have been fought over it and holy texts foretell of battles yet to be fought over Jerusalem and its once glorious Temple. Today, countless visitors, pilgrims and tourists visit the holy city and the Temple Mount, believe by the faithful to be the location of Beit Hamikdash, the Temple of God.

But what if history got it wrong? What if the spot where Solomon built the first Jewish Temple (and the 2nd and 3rd) was actually about 600 feet to the south, in a place known as the ancient City of David? If this is true this opens up a world of possibilities for the Jewish people, for Israel, and indeed even the world at large.

It may be surprising to some, but in the fourth century, the Jewish people did not know exactly  where the temple sites were located. In 70 CE the temple was completely and utterly uprooted by the Romans. The Temple was eradicated from all recognition, so much so that no one could even tell that the building had ever existed.

The New Testament records that Jesus predicted that not one stone would be left of Herod’s Temple. Archaeology and eye-witness evidence suggests that Jerusalem was destroyed so severely that not much of it was left. Josephus wrote that the entirety of the Temple was in complete total ruin and destruction after 70 CE. He went on to say that if he had not personally been in Jerusalem during the war and witnessed the demolition by Titus of the temple that took place there, he wouldn’t have believed it ever existed.

And yet there still lies the Western Wall, the Kotel or Wailing Wall were Jews have prayed for centuries, believing it to be the remnant of their once magnificient temple. Are these stones the remnant of the Temple or are they something else?

Can you imagine the upheaval in political and religious thinking if the Temple Mount is not the actual site of the Temples – Solomon’s, Zerubbabel’s and Herod’s? What if the stones of the Wailing Wall are actually the remains of a military fortress?

The eyewitness account of Eleazar Bin Yari, commander of the Jewish rebels at Masada who led the final contingent of Jewish resistance against the Romans  stated that the Roman fortress which had long been in Jerusalem was the only structure left by 73 C.E. Meaning the Antonia Fortress, named after Mark Anthony. The Roman fortress is  the Antonia Fortress or Antonia Tower.  It was where the Praetorian Guard was stationed. It was the military complex of the 10th Legion. Josephus said the fortress overlooked the temple.

In 333 AD, the Pilgrim of Bordeaux wrote that while looking east from the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, he saw stone walls with foundations going down to the Tyropoean Valley. He describes the stone walls as the Roman praetorium.  The praetorium, according to the pilgrim, was the place where Jesus was sentenced to death. So according to the Pilgrim of Bordeaux,  the Dome of the Rock, which is now a Muslim shrine, would be the very site where Jesus was sentenced to death by Pontius Pilate. How ironic.

Dr Ernest Martin in his phenomenal book, The Temples that Jerusalem Forgot, gives historical evidence that the ‘rock’ now enshrined under the Dome was the judgement seat of the Praetorium, called in the Gospel of John, Gabbatha:

When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. (John 19:13)

(It was called the Pavement because it was covered with limestone pavers).

Professor Benjamin Mazar and and his assistant Meir Ben Dov, were both authorities on the Temple Mount and Jerusalem. Meir Ben Dov wrote In the Shadow of the Temple: The Discovery of Ancient Jerusalem (1985).  According to Ernest Martin,  Professor Mazar’s son, Ory, said that his father was leaning in the direction that the Temples of Solomon and Zerubbabel were located on the Ophel mound just to the north of the original Mount Zion on the southeast ridge.

In 1995, Martin wrote a preliminary report that endorsing this theory for the two earlier Temples. Herod stated dogmatically that his Temple (though enlarged) was still located in the same general area as that of the former Temples. According to this line of thinking, all the Temples were located on the Ophel mound over the area of the Gihon Spring, not over the Dome of the Rock.

It was the crusaders that determined that the mount which was the Antonia Fortress, became known as the Templum Domini, the Lord’s Temple, when the Cresent Moon was removed from the Dome of the Rock and replaced with a gold cross.

The Gihon Spring

Robert Cornuke also found clues in the Dead Sea Scrolls, which contained this cryptic instruction:

“You shall make a channel all-round the laver within the building. The channel runs (from the building) of the laver to a shaft, goes down and disappears in the middle of the earth so that the water flows and runs through it and is lost in the middle of the earth.”

The description is of a natural spring of water below the Jewish temple.

Tacitus, the Roman historian, likewise recorded that the temple at Jerusalem had a natural spring of water that welled from its interior. There is only one spring this could be referring to, the Gihon Spring, in the old City of David.

“There is no other such spring anywhere else in Jerusalem,” Cornuke writes. “The spring connection, especially a robust gushing spring, seems to be like a laser pointer aimed at the City of David and not at the Temple Mount as the temple site.”

Gihon is mentioned six times in biblical scriptures and is first referred to in Genesis as one of the four tributaries that flow from the river within the Garden of Eden. The other three rivers are the Rivers Tigris, Euphrates and Pishon. The Gihon River flowed through the land of Cush. Many think that Cush refers to present day Ethiopia or Sudan but others suggest other countries in that region. In Hebrew “Bursting Forth or Gushing” is typical translation of the name Gihon. The River Gihon may be what we know today as the River Nile whilst others suggest the Abay River.

The area around the River Gihon presumably became known as Gihon and is mentioned three times in the account of Solomon’s succession to the throne of Israel and Judah succeeding his father King David. King David announced that Solomon was to be taken to Gihon to be anointed and declared as the next king. Later King Solomon took on and completed his father’s great wish to build the Temple in Jerusalem and did so over the Gihon Spring.

And in that day the mountains will drip with sweet wine, and the hills will flow with milk, and all the brooks of Judah will flow with water; and a spring will go out from the house of the Lord, to water the valley of Shittim. (Joel 3:18)

Then he brought me back to the door of the house; and behold, water was flowing from under the threshold of the house toward the east, for the house faced east. And the water was flowing down from under, from the right side of the house, from south of the altar.
Ezekiel 47:1)

There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy place where the Most High dwells. (Psalm 46:4)

Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb. (Revelation 22:1)

More Biblical Support

The Hebrew Bible clearly teaches that the Temple was erected in Zion, the City of David upon the threshing floor that King David purchased from Ornan (also Araunah) the Jebusite. Consider the following scriptures:

David captured the stronghold of Zion, that is the city of David. (2 Samuel 5:7). The same chapter states that King David renamed it the City of David.

The prophet Joel tells us that Zion was HaShem’s holy mountain, His dwelling place:

Then you will know that I am the Lord your God, Dwelling in Zion, My holy mountain.
So Jerusalem will be holy, And strangers will pass through it no more. Joel 3:17

More interesting history notes that during a divinely directed plague, David purchased a plot of land known biblically as the Threshing Floor of Araunah the Jebusite  (also known as Ornan). This threshing floor would become an altar to HaShem:

18 So Gad came to David that day and said to him, “Go up, erect an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of [h]Araunah the Jebusite.” 19 David went up according to the word of Gad, just as the Lord had commanded. 20 Araunah looked down and saw the king and his servants crossing over toward him; and Araunah went out and bowed his face to the ground before the king. 21 Then Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” And David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, in order to build an altar to the Lord, that the plague may be held back from the people.” 22 Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up what is good in his sight. Look, the oxen for the burnt offering, the threshing sledges and the yokes of the oxen for the wood. 23 Everything, O king, Araunah gives to the king.” And Araunah said to the king, “May the Lord your God accept you.” 24 However, the king said to Araunah, “No, but I will surely buy it from you for a price, for I will not offer burnt offerings to the Lord my God [i]which cost me nothing.” So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25 David built there an altar to the Lord and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. Thus the Lord was moved by prayer for the land, and the plague was held back from Israel. (2 Samuel 24:18-25)

 1 Chronicles 21:22 gives the alternate name of the Jebusite: Then David said to Ornan, “Give me the site of this threshing floor, that I may build on it an altar to the Lord; for the full price you shall give it to me, that the plague may be restrained from the people.”
Araunah (אֲרַוְנָה) was a Jebusite who was mentioned in the Books of Samuel who owned the threshing floor on the summit of Mount Moriah that King David purchased and used as the site for assembling an altar to HaShem. The Book of Chronicles, a later text, renders his name as Ornan (אָרְנָן).
The next chapter tells us that this threshing floor, would be the official altar of sacrifice for Israel: Then David said, This is the house of the Lord, and this is the altar Israel is to use for burnt offerings.(1 Chronicles 22:1 )
Mount Moriah
According to the Book of Genesis, the name Moriah is associated with the patriarch Abraham, where he took his son Issac to be sacrificed , and the future site of the Solomon’s Temple:
 Then Solomon began to build the house of the Lord in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where the Lord had appeared to his father David, at the place that David had prepared on the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.
 Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD (Temple) at Jerusalem in Mount Moriah, where the LORD appeared unto David his father, in the place (makhom) that David had prepared in threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite
The name Moriah has various meaning, depending on which Jewish sage is referred to. Rashi states that Moriah is Jerusalem. Our Sages taught that Jerusalem is called Moriah because from there instruction in the ways of the Torah emanates to the world.
In the days of King Solomom, Mount Moriah has two high places; the threshing floor purchased by King David, his father, and the place where the Temple was built and the highest point, where a fortification was built to defend the temple from attacks from the north. This fortification eventually became known as the Antonia Fortress or Tower.

Other Evidence

The Mishna, compiled in the 2nd century after the destruction of Herod’s temple, states that the temple had to be built over vaults. The vaults were important because the air had to be between the earth (grave) and the temple, because the temple must be pure and undefiled. Preliminary ground penetrating radar probes by Tuvia Sagiv, while not 100% conclusive, suggest vaults, perhaps rabbinical arches, and other structures which one would expect below the Temple, to the south. The northern sites are virtually solid rock.




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